Osijek will be taking part in Baranjske bušare which is part of Croatian folklore dating back more than a few centuries past called 'Buše u Baranji''. (The meaning gets lost in translation) The event is free to participate in and will start early in the morning at 9am in tvrđa. There will be a tram with a wagon attached leaving Tvrđa and making its way to Trg Ante Starčevića (Square Ante Starčevića)
This has always been a mystery to some as they have never seen such masks and costumes. For many it is a new experience as it only happens in February. Standing next to a tall Buše with its mask smiling mask staring back at you is something that can only be described as priceless. Imagine how the Turkish troops felt when they saw a heard of them heading their way according to legend. The sights and sound are incredible as it brings history to life once again. This weekend will be a chance to take pictures and learn about the cultural & historic role it played along the Drava and Dunabe River. The Legends are brought to life by the people who live here as it is an important to carry on tradition that should not be lost in the modern world. The approachable friendly Buša will be there dancing and singing accompanied by a tambourine band. There are two different Legends for the Buše: one was to drive out the winter, and the other to drive out the Turkish Army during the Ottoman Era. Both legends are shared with the Hungarians and Croatians.
The Baranjske Bušare
It was long ago according to legend that tells of children from the village would display a terrible appearance to ward off winter. To prevent winter from lasting to long the young boys would be dressed in a scary outfit. It was also required to make as much noise as possible, thus would force the long winter season to give way to spring. The tradition continues as people would parade through the towns and villages accompanied by a tambourine band as they sang.
In the History of Mohács a town just along the Danube River around the time of the famous “Battle of Mohács”. The events that took place is best described in the following.
“In Mohács the origin of the tradition is also explained with the legend of expelling the Turks. According the legend the native Croatians, who escaped to the moorland of the Mohács Island, grew tired of the Turkish dominations; so they dressed in frightening masks and armed with self-made rattles and noisy instrument they crossed the Danube in boats under the cover of the night to drive the Turks away from Mohács. (Source: Mohács )
The mysterious monster like creatures are called “Buša”. The people would be dressed as horned monsters and woollen cloaks. They could also be dressed in a sheep’s coat wearing white pants as they paraded through the towns and villages. The Buša to help would also wear belt carrying many bell or chains to make a horrible noise just to scare even more. Their face would be covered by a wooden mask and on top of the head was mounted animal horns. The custom has been going on for centuries and in 2009 was recognized under UNISCO as part of Croatians heritage.
Children and parents should take part of this rich Croatian cultural event that happens this Saturday at 9am in Tvrđa . This is the place to be with plenty of fun with singing and dancing. We are sure that Buša will be friendly as they are always smiling.
The program was put together with Baranja Tourist board, Petaračke buše i KUD-om Seljačka sloga.(To find out more go to tzosijek )